Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder that causes the immune system to attack healthy tissue in the joints. Often, the joints of the feet and ankles are affected. Early symptoms of RA include joint pain during movement and at rest, swelling, tenderness, or warmth in the joints, joint stiffness, low energy or fatigue, a low-grade fever, and a loss of appetite. RA affects 1.5 million people in the United States, and there are several risk factors that can make someone more likely to develop RA. These risk factors include being 60 years of age or older, being female, and being obese. If you develop symptoms of RA in the joints of your feet and ankles, it is suggested that you see a podiatrist to help you manage this condition.
Because RA affects more than just your joints, including the joints in your feet and ankles, it is important to seek early diagnosis from your podiatrist if you feel like the pain in your feet might be caused by RA. For more information, contact Dr. Dean D. Hinners of Illinois. Our doctor will assist you with all of your podiatric concerns.
What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s own immune system attacks the membranes surrounding the joints. Inflammation of the lining and eventually the destruction of the joint’s cartilage and bone occur, causing severe pain and immobility.
Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Feet
Although RA usually attacks multiple bones and joints throughout the entire body, almost 90 percent of cases result in pain in the foot or ankle area.
- Swelling and pain in the feet
- Stiffness in the feet
- Pain on the ball or sole of feet
- Joint shift and deformation
Quick diagnosis of RA in the feet is important so that the podiatrist can treat the area effectively. Your doctor will ask you about your medical history, occupation, and lifestyle to determine the origin of the condition. Rheumatoid Factor tests help to determine if someone is affected by the disease.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Metropolis and Eldorado, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Rheumatoid Arthritis in the Feet
A fungal infection of the toenails can be unpleasant, embarrassing, and sometimes even painful. In certain people, such as those with diabetes or a compromised immune system, fungal infections can lead to more serious complications. Treating fungal nails can be a daunting task, but there are fortunately many things that you can do to prevent fungal nail infections from developing in the first place. The fungus that causes fungal nail infections thrives in warm, moist environments. To stop your feet from becoming the perfect host for this fungus, opt for breathable footwear and moisture-wicking socks, dry your feet and the spaces between your toes thoroughly after washing, and wear shoes in wet public spaces like locker rooms and swimming pools. Keep your toenails clean and short, and avoid sharing your nail clippers and other personal items, such as towels, with others. For more information about fungal nail infections, consult with a podiatrist today.
Toenail Fungus Treatment
Toenail fungus is a condition that affects many people and can be especially hard to get rid of. Fortunately, there are several methods to go about treating and avoiding it.
Antifungals & Deterrence
Oral antifungal medicine has been shown to be effective in many cases. It is important to consult with a podiatrist to determine the proper regiment for you, or potentially explore other options.
Applying foot powder on the feet and shoes helps keep the feet free of moisture and sweat.
Sandals or open toed shoes – Wearing these will allow air movement and help keep feet dry. They also expose your feet to light, which fungus cannot tolerate. Socks with moisture wicking material also help as well.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Metropolis and Eldorado, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.Read more about How to Treat Your Toenail Fungus
A type of arthritis that is referred to as gout is considered to be common among men over the age of forty. It generally occurs from an increased level of uric acid in the blood, which can happen for a variety of reasons. These can consist of genetic factors, underlying medical conditions, or from eating foods that have large amounts of purines. These specific types of foods often include red meat, shellfish, and drinks that have a high sugar content. The symptoms that are associated with gout are severe pain and discomfort in the joints of the big toe, swelling, and extreme tenderness. Some patients can experience pain that is so debilitating, it can hinder their ability to walk. When treating gout, it may be beneficial to implement healthy eating habits into your daily routine, and taking anti-inflammatory medication may relieve pain. If you have gout, it is suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can help you to manage this condition.
What Is Gout?
Gout is a form of arthritis that is characterized by sudden, severe attacks of pain, redness, and tenderness in the joints. The condition usually affects the joint at the base of the big toe. A gout attack can occur at any random time, such as the middle of the night while you are asleep.
- Intense Joint Pain - Usually around the large joint of your big toe, and it most severe within the first four to twelve hours
- Lingering Discomfort - Joint discomfort may last from a few days to a few weeks
- Inflammation and Redness -Affected joints may become swollen, tender, warm and red
- Limited Range of Motion - May experience a decrease in joint mobility
- Genetics - If family members have gout, you’re more likely to have it
- Medications - Diuretic medications can raise uric acid levels
- Gender/Age - Gout is more common in men until the age of 60. It is believed that estrogen protects women until that point
- Diet - Eating red meat and shellfish increases your risk
- Alcohol - Having more than two alcoholic drinks per day increases your risk
- Obesity - Obese people are at a higher risk for gout
Prior to visiting your podiatrist to receive treatment for gout, there are a few things you should do beforehand. If you have gout you should write down your symptoms--including when they started and how often you experience them, important medical information you may have, and any questions you may have. Writing down these three things will help your podiatrist in assessing your specific situation so that he or she may provide the best route of treatment for you.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Metropolis and Eldorado, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.Read more about Everything You Need to Know About Gout
The Achilles tendon is a band of tissue that connects the muscles in your calf to your heel. The Achilles tendon endures a lot of stress and pressure during daily activities and exercise. Sometimes, the stress and pressure may become excessive, leading to an injury. Achilles tendonitis refers to an inflammation of the Achilles tendon. It typically stems from overuse and can cause symptoms such as pain and swelling. There are two types of Achilles tendonitis, insertional and noninsertional. In insertional tendonitis, the damage to the tendon occurs where the tendon meets the heel bone. Insertional tendonitis can occur at any age, both in active and in sedentary people, and is often associated with the development of bone spurs. Non-insertional Achilles tendonitis occurs when small tears in the middle fibers of the tendon start to break down. Non-insertional tendonitis typically affects young, active people. If you experience an injury to the Achilles tendon, it is recommended that you seek the care of a podiatrist.
Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Dean D. Hinners of Illinois. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
What Is the Achilles Tendon?
The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.
What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?
There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.
Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms
- Dull to severe pain
- Increased blood flow to the tendon
- Thickening of the tendon
- Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
- Total immobility
Treatment and Prevention
Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:
- Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
- Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses
If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Metropolis and Eldorado, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.Read more about What are Achilles Tendon Injuries
Cracked heels can have a variety of causes. It is believed that intense pressure or friction on the feet is the primary cause of cracked heels, however, they may also come about as a result of not moisturizing your feet regularly, taking overly long, hot showers, using harsh soaps, harsh weather conditions, wearing shoes that have open backs or thin soles, and wearing poorly fitted high heels. One home treatment for cracked heels is applying a thick layer of moisturizer to your feet after a shower or bath and then putting on a pair of cotton socks. To prevent cracked heels, it is suggested that you avoid harsh soaps and scrubbing your feet, and that you wear supportive shoes and breathable socks to reduce friction. For more information on how to prevent and treat cracked heels, consult with a podiatrist today.
If the skin on your feet starts to crack, you may want to see a podiatrist to find treatment. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Dean D. Hinners from Illinois. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
It is important to moisturize your cracked heels in order to prevent pain, bleeding, and infection. The reason cracked heels form is because the skin on the foot is too dry to support the immense pressure placed on them. When the foot expands, the dry skin on the foot begins to split.
Ways to Help Heal Them
- Invest in a good foot cream
- Try Using Petroleum Jelly
- Ease up on Soaps
- Drink Plenty of Water
Ways to Prevent Cracked Heels
- Moisturize After Showering
- Skip a Shower
- Keep Shower Water Lukewarm
- Don’t Scrub Your Feet
If you are unsure how to proceed in treating cracked heels, seek guidance from a podiatrist. Your doctor will help you with any questions or information you may need.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Metropolis and Eldorado, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.Read more about Solutions for Cracked Heels
Calluses and corns are thickened areas of skin on the feet. They are usually caused by excess friction or pressure on the foot. The outer layer of skin hardens to protect the tissue and bone beneath the skin. Calluses can occur anywhere on the foot, while corns develop on or in between the toes. The people who are most at risk for developing calluses and corns include those who are very physically active, wear poorly-fitted shoes, don’t wear socks with their shoes, and have other foot problems. If you find yourself with painful calluses or corns, it is suggested that you see a podiatrist for treatment.
Corns can make walking very painful and should be treated immediately. If you have questions regarding your feet and ankles, contact Dr. Dean D. Hinners of Illinois. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.
Corns: What Are They? And How Do You Get Rid of Them?
Corns are thickened areas on the skin that can become painful. They are caused by excessive pressure and friction on the skin. Corns press into the deeper layers of the skin and are usually round in shape.
Ways to Prevent Corns
There are many ways to get rid of painful corns such as:
- Wearing properly fitting shoes that have been measured by a professional
- Wearing shoes that are not sharply pointed or have high heels
- Wearing only shoes that offer support
Although most corns slowly disappear when the friction or pressure stops, this isn’t always the case. Consult with your podiatrist to determine the best treatment option for your case of corns.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Metropolis and Eldorado, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Corns and Calluses
The body’s nervous system is composed of two parts: the central nervous system, which consists of the brain and spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system, which consists of the nerves running from the brain and spinal cord to the rest of the body. Peripheral neuropathy is a disorder that occurs when the nerves of the peripheral nervous system are damaged or destroyed, impairing the relay of messages from the brain and spinal cord to the other parts of the body. The peripheral nerves travel to the arms, hands, legs, and feet. When these nerves are damaged, you may experience numbness and pain in these areas. Peripheral neuropathy that affects the lower limbs can be especially concerning, as it can cause difficulty walking and a loss of sensation that makes foot wounds and infections more likely to develop. If you are experiencing the symptoms of peripheral neuropathy in your lower limbs, it is suggested that you seek the care of a podiatrist.
Neuropathy can be a potentially serious condition, especially if it is left undiagnosed. If you have any concerns that you may be experiencing nerve loss in your feet, consult with Dr. Dean D. Hinners from Illinois. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment for neuropathy.
What Is Neuropathy?
Neuropathy is a condition that leads to damage to the nerves in the body. Peripheral neuropathy, or neuropathy that affects your peripheral nervous system, usually occurs in the feet. Neuropathy can be triggered by a number of different causes. Such causes include diabetes, infections, cancers, disorders, and toxic substances.
Symptoms of Neuropathy Include:
- Sensation loss
- Prickling and tingling sensations
- Throbbing, freezing, burning pains
- Muscle weakness
Those with diabetes are at serious risk due to being unable to feel an ulcer on their feet. Diabetics usually also suffer from poor blood circulation. This can lead to the wound not healing, infections occurring, and the limb may have to be amputated.
To treat neuropathy in the foot, podiatrists will first diagnose the cause of the neuropathy. Figuring out the underlying cause of the neuropathy will allow the podiatrist to prescribe the best treatment, whether it be caused by diabetes, toxic substance exposure, infection, etc. If the nerve has not died, then it’s possible that sensation may be able to return to the foot.
Pain medication may be issued for pain. Electrical nerve stimulation can be used to stimulate nerves. If the neuropathy is caused from pressure on the nerves, then surgery may be necessary.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Metropolis and Eldorado, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.Read more about Neuropathy
The two main causes of heel pain are heel spurs and plantar fasciitis. Heel spurs are bony projections that form at the bottom of the heel bones. They are very common, and in most cases, they aren’t noticeable. Heel spurs cause heel pain in approximately 5% of people who have them. Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the plantar fascia, a ligament that runs along the bottom of the foot, from the heel to the toes. Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain. Both conditions share similar risk factors, such as repetitive athletic stress, obesity, tightness in the calf muscles, and high arches. Both conditions also have similar treatments, including resting and icing the affected foot, changing footwear, and performing foot stretches. Imaging studies, such as X-rays, can be helpful in differentiating between the two conditions. For more information about heel spurs and plantar fasciitis, speak with a podiatrist today.
Causes of Heel Pain
Heel pain is often associated with plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a band of tissues that extends along the bottom of the foot. A rip or tear in this ligament can cause inflammation of the tissue.
Achilles tendonitis is another cause of heel pain. Inflammation of the Achilles tendon will cause pain from fractures and muscle tearing. Lack of flexibility is also another symptom.
Heel spurs are another cause of pain. When the tissues of the plantar fascia undergo a great deal of stress, it can lead to ligament separation from the heel bone, causing heel spurs.
Why Might Heel Pain Occur?
- Wearing ill-fitting shoes
- Wearing non-supportive shoes
- Weight change
- Excessive running
Heel pain should be treated as soon as possible for immediate results. Keeping your feet in a stress-free environment will help. If you suffer from Achilles tendonitis or plantar fasciitis, applying ice will reduce the swelling. Stretching before an exercise like running will help the muscles. Using all these tips will help make heel pain a condition of the past.
If you have any questions please contact one of our offices located in Metropolis and Eldorado, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Heel Pain
Understanding the type of running shoe that is best for you is key in helping prevent future injuries. There are three primary types of running shoes. Neutral running shoes offer extra midsole padding for those with high arches. Stability running shoes are designed to distribute impact for those with low or flat arches. Motion control running shoes have extra support for those with flat feet as well. There are a variety of methods to assess what kind of shoes are needed. Placing your foot in water and stepping to analyze the foot print can help to determine whether or not you have low, normal or high arches. Checking your gait type to see what part of the foot touches the ground as well as checking the treadwear on your running shoes can help in indicating what type of shoes you need. If you have further questions about picking the right running shoe, consult with a podiatrist for help.
You should always make sure your running shoes fit properly in order to avoid injury. For more information, contact Dr. Dean D. Hinners from Illinois. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Choosing the Right Running Shoe for Your Foot Type
Improper shoe sizing can cause a myriad of problems for your feet. Shoes that don’t fit you properly can lead to muscular imbalances in your body, which can result in foot, knee, and hip injuries.
Tips for Finding the Right Running Shoe
- Make sure you have a thumb’s width of wiggle room between the end of your longest toe and the front of the shoe.
- There should be little to no slipping at the heel
- Don’t assume your size in one shoe brand will be your size in another
- Do not lace up your shoes too tightly
- Walk around in the store with your new shoes before you buy them
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our one of our offices located in Metropolis and Eldorado, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Choosing the Right Running Shoe
Research has indicated that foot health may be compromised when obesity is a contributing factor. Common foot conditions of obese patients can include sprained ankles, general foot fatigue, blisters, calluses, and athlete’s foot. People who are overweight may find it difficult to exercise, which is helpful in maintaining an optimum weight. If you are struggling with obesity, it is important to purchase larger shoes as this may help to prevent blisters and corns from developing. To help prevent injury to the soft tissues of the foot, select a padded sock to be worn with new shoes. The padded sock helps ensure that the feet don't slip and slide in the shoe and that the toes don't pinch together. It is suggested that obese people who are experiencing various foot conditions visit with a podiatrist who can properly manage related foot ailments.
The more you weigh, the harder your feet must work to support your body. If you’re an obese individual and are concerned about your feet, contact Dr. Dean D. Hinners from Illinois. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Obesity and Your Feet
People who are overweight are putting more pressure on their ankles, knees, and hips as well as their feet. This unfortunately can lead to variety of different issues.
Problems & Complications Stemming from Obesity
- When the body is overweight, it tries to compensate by changing the way that it moves. An obese person may lean forward and put extra weight on the wrong part of the foot. This puts unnecessary stress on the feet.
- Obese people are also more likely to develop type II diabetes which is a condition that causes a lot of foot problems. People with diabetes often don’t feel the cuts and sores that they may have on their feet, which can lead to more complicated and severe issues.
- Plantar fasciitis is another foot condition that can be caused by obesity. Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the tissue along the bottom of the foot, which causes pain and stiffness while walking and climbing stairs.
Heel pain when first getting out of bed in the morning, a burning or sharp sensation in the heel, and increased pain while walking, can all be indicative of the foot condition known as plantar fasciitis. Plantar fasciitis can be an uncomfortable foot condition to deal with, especially if it is left untreated. Common causes of this condition can include ill-fitting footwear, poor foot structure, certain exercises like long distance running, and occupations that require you to be on your feet for the majority of the day. Obesity may also lead to the development of plantar fasciitis, due to the excess pressure put on the foot. If you have heel pain, please seek the care of a podiatrist immediately for a proper diagnosis.
Plantar fasciitis can be very painful and inconvenient. If you are experiencing heel pain or symptoms of plantar fasciitis, contact Dr. Dean D. Hinners from Illinois. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
What Is Plantar Fasciitis?
Plantar fasciitis is the inflammation of the thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom of your foot, known as the plantar fascia, and causes mild to severe heel pain.
What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?
- Excessive running
- Non-supportive shoes
- Repeated stretching and tearing of the plantar fascia
How Can It Be Treated?
- Conservative measures – anti-inflammatories, ice packs, stretching exercises, physical therapy, orthotic devices
- Shockwave therapy – sound waves are sent to the affected area to facilitate healing and are usually used for chronic cases of plantar fasciitis
- Surgery – usually only used as a last resort when all else fails. The plantar fascia can be surgically detached from the heel
While very treatable, plantar fasciitis is definitely not something that should be ignored. Especially in severe cases, speaking to your doctor right away is highly recommended to avoid complications and severe heel pain. Your podiatrist can work with you to provide the appropriate treatment options tailored to your condition.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Metropolis and Eldorado, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Plantar Fasciitis
Whether you are a runner or a walker, the shoes that you exercise in should fit your needs. Stores tend to carry more running shoes than walking shoes, and while a runner shouldn't run in walking shoes, a walker may certainly walk in running shoes. That may sound slightly confusing, but the bottom line is that both runners and walkers can benefit from wearing running shoes while exercising as long as they buy shoes that fit their specific activity. Runners should buy shoes that have more cushioning in the heel and forefoot, while walkers generally don’t need extra cushioning in the forefoot and should opt for something more lightweight. Runners need shoes with a higher difference in height from the heel through the toe called the heel drop, while walkers should choose shoes with a heel drop of less than 8 millimeters. For more information on finding the best footwear for your needs, consult with a podiatrist.
For more information about walking shoes versus running shoes, consult with Dr. Dean D. Hinners from Illinois. Our doctor can measure your feet to determine what your needs are and help you find an appropriate pair of footwear.
Foot Health: The Differences between Walking & Running Shoes
There are great ways to stay in shape: running and walking are two great exercises to a healthy lifestyle. It is important to know that running shoes and walking shoes are not interchangeable. There is a key difference on how the feet hit the ground when someone is running or walking. This is why one should be aware that a shoe is designed differently for each activity.
You may be asking yourself what the real differences are between walking and running shoes and the answers may shock you.
Walking doesn’t involve as much stress or impact on the feet as running does. However, this doesn’t mean that you should be any less prepared. When you’re walking, you land on your heels and have your foot roll forward. This rolling motion requires additional support to the feet.
Flexibility – Walking shoes are designed to have soft, flexible soles. This allows the walker to push off easily with each step.